Toruń (niem. Thorn, łac. Thorunia, Torunium) - the city located on the banks of the Vistula River. It is the main seat of the Voivodship Seym as well as the Board of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship. It is also the city-county and the seat of Torun’s county foreman. In 1997, Torun’s old town’s complex was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Since 1992, the city has been the capital of Torun’s Diocese. Nicolaus Copernicus University, established in Torun in 1945 is a successor of traditions of the excellent Stefan Batory University of Vilnius. It is today one of the most renowned academic centers of Poland. During the period 1920-1939 Torun becomes the capital of the Pomeranian Region, between 1945-1975 it constituted a part of Bydgoszcz Voivodship, and for the duration of 1975-1998 – the capital of Torun’s Voivodship.

Monuments The old town complex of Torun is one of the most precious historical urban complexes in Poland. In 1997, the Medieval Old Town was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. It includes the Old and New Town, with almost unchanged 13th century‘s landscape.

 

Main monuments:

 

  • Gothic churches:
  • Cathedral of SS John the Baptist and John the Evangelist
  • The Gray Friar Church of the Assumption of St. Virgin Mary
  • New Town’s Parish Church of St Jacob the Apostle
  • Old City Town Hall
  • City walls, built in stages from the second half of the XIII century, enlarged and modernized in XVth Century, partly dismantled in 19th Century. In presently existing almost complete south sectors running along the Vistula river and Podmurna Street, with many gates preserved up to this day : Bridge Gate (Brama Mostowa), Cloister Gate (Brama Klasztorna), and Sailors’ Gate (Brama Żeglarska), as well as the towers, such as the Lining Tower and Monstrancja, for example.
  • Ruins of the Teutonic Knight’s Castle
  • Gothic tenement houses erected from 14th to 16th century, including the 15th century Copernicus House – museum of the famous astronomer, Esken’s Palace from 14th century (converted in 16th and 19th century), as well as the historical houses located in the Łazienna, Małe Garbary, Mostowa, Szczytna, Szeroka, Szewska, Wielkie Garbary or Żeglarska Streets
  • Baroque town’s palaces: such as the Palace of Kuyavian bishops with a rich-decorated façade from 1693, the Fenger’s Palace (1742, converted in 19th century), Meissner’s Palace (1793, converted around 1800)
  • Baroque tenement house “Under the Star” from the 15th century, rebuilt in the 17th century, with a magnificent facade decorated with artificial marble from 1697 – it used to be a property of well-known humanist – Filip Kallimach.
  • Former Protestant academic Church of the Holy Spirit
  • Former Protestant Church of the Holy Trinity
  • Granaries from the 14th and 18th century (including the best preserved in Poland Gothic one)
  • Monument of Nicolaus Copernicus
  • Neo-Renaissance Artus Court in Torun, (1889-1891, R. Schmidt) - a monumental edifice situated at the southern frontage of the Old Town Market Square – in presently existing as the Cultural Centre
  • Wilam Horzyca Theatre – a neo-Baroque-secession masterpiece of the celebrated Viennese architects - F. Felner and H. Helmer, established in 1904
  • Seat of the Scientific Society Office in Torun (from 1881)
  • Neogothic churches, such as the Garrison Church of St. Catherine, from 1897, and St. Szczepan Church from 1903

 

More information is available on the city homepages:

http://www.um.torun.pl

http://www.torun.pl

http://www.torun.com.pl

 

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Polska, jako kraj cechujący się niewątpliwym bogactwem tradycji i naturalnego piękna, i aktywnie dbający o jego ochronę, jest nie tylko jednym z pierwszych Państw-sygnatariuszy Konwencji dziedzictwa światowego, ale również jednym z czołowych reprezentantów na Liście Światowego Dziedzictwa.