It is not known when exactly Świdnica received city rights, but it has been described as a city since 1267. The initiator of the town’s foundation was either Duchess Anna, the wife of Henry II the Pious, or her son, Henry III. In the years 1242 – 1290, under the reign of the Breslau dukes, the city received a series of privileges, advancing its development. Later, in the years 1290 – 1392, Świdnica was the capital of the Duchy of Świdnica, ruled by Piast dukes, and was turned into one of the most powerful cities of Silesia.

The Old Town of Świdnica is considered to be one of the most beautiful and valuable old towns in Poland, next to the ones in Toruń, Cracow or Wrocław (Breslau).

 

Places to see in Świdnica:

 

  • The Cathedral of Ss. Stanislav and Vaclav which has a tower standing 103 m high;
  • The Church of Peace, included on the UNESCO World Heritage List;
  • The Church of St. Joseph;
  • Merchant tenement houses in the market place;
  • The complex of baroque sculptures in the market place;
  • The City Hall and the central block with the Town Councilors’ Hall and the Museum of Old Commerce;
  • Medieval fortifications and the remains of the fortress of Frederick The Great – i.e. Flesza Nowomłyńska, caponiers, the gate casemates and the main embankment casemate from the Museum of Weapons.

 

 

 

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Naszym obowiązkiem jest udział w zbiorowej odpowiedzialności wszystkich narodów świata za ochronę dóbr uznanych za wspólne dziedzictwo całej ludzkości, bez względu na to, do terytorium jakiego kraju jest ono zlokalizowane.