Name of property: Wieliczka Salt Mine

Localization:Wieliczka is the city of Małopolskie voivodship that is situated in the southern part of Poland. The town can be found on the south of Cracov, located in a valley between Wielickie Foothill and Bocheńskie Foothill.

Category of property: cultural property

Nominated area:the salt mine of Wieliczka-Bochnia consist of nine levels of rock salt Galleries. It reaches a maximum depth of 327 meters and 63 meters at 1st level. The subterranean exploitation zone extend 5,5 km to the East-West and 1,5 km to the North-South. The strict protection area only encompasses 5 first levels (the oldest ones) which incorporate the length of 3,5 km and the width of 1 km.

Legal situation:

  • legal provision (status):the property of the State;
  • responsible administration:
  • the salt mine of "Wieliczka-Bochnia" is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Chemical Industry, in Warsaw,
  • the Cracov Mines Museum at Wieliczka is under the protection of Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts, in Warsaw.

Justification for inscription on the World Heritage List

date of inscription - 1978

criteria met - 4

Criterion 4

The salt mine in Wieliczka, due to a rich collection of the original and perfectly conserved mining tools as well as peculiar installations, including the ventilation and air conditioning systems, constitutes a unique and complete material witness to the evolution of mining technology and methods throughout the seven centuries, in Europe. It bears an exceptional testimony to the harmonious coexistence between human's activity and its natural environment, which influenced the development of unique salt industry organization as well as the world industry in general, before the Age of steam. It is also of considerable historical significance for the evidence that it has provided of the evolution of the tourism since the beginning of XV century.

 

 

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Średniowieczne Miasto Toruń, Stare Miasto w Zamościu, Puszcza Białowieska, Kościoły Pokoju w Jaworze i Świdnicy, czy kopalnia soli w Wieliczce, zajmują honorowe miejsca obok takich osobliwości, jak paryskie wybrzeża Sekwany, Wielka Rafa Koralowa w Australii, Tadż Mahal w Indiach, czy egipskie piramidy.