Name of property: Historic Center of Warsaw

Localization: Warsaw City - the capital of Poland, is situated on the Vistula River, on the territory of Warszawska Valley, as well as on the Warszawska and Wołomińska lowlands. In the administrative structures, it belongs to Mazowieckie voivodship.

Category of property: cultural property

Nominated area: Old Town and New Town compose the strict protection area of Warsaw agglomeration. The nominated zone borderline adheres on the east to the bank of Vistula River and reaches Zamkowy Square on the south. On the west, it follows streets: Podwale, Długa and Bonifraterska, to achieve its course on Konwiktorska and Sanguszki streets - which are located on the northern side of the historic sector.

The axis of Świętojańska and Freta streets divides the urban complex of the oldest quarters of Polish capital.

The Old Town is laid out in the outline of quadrangle and it is based on the net of streets, extending from each corner of the rectangle market place and transversal streets cross them. The New Town consists of two major elements: a rectangular Market Square that is shaped in a form of trapezium, and Freta Street, which represent the central architectonic axis.

Legal situation:

legal provision (status): communal property

responsible administration: Municipality of Warsaw City
Justification for inscription on the World Heritage List

date of inscription - 1980

criteria met - 2, 6

Criterion 2

The historic center of Warsaw, composed by the Old and the New Town, is under the strict conservation protection imposed by UNESCO. The site, formerly so-called "Paris of the North" was tragically destroyed by Nazi troops, during the Second World War, and in particular in 1944, as a result of Warsaw Uprising. As a special privileged cultural property of UNESCO, it constitutes an outstanding example of global successful and identical reconstruction of a span of history running from the XIIIth to the XXth centuries, which were therefore almost entirely damaged. But its authenticity is associated with an exceptional five-year reconstruction campaign inspired by the will of the nation and a great motivation of its citizens who brought it to life again with piety and in the greatest details, as soon as the fighting ceased. What is more, it has exercised a considerable influence, in the majority of European countries, on the evolution of the revitalization concepts and preservation of old city quarters.

Criterion 6

Over 85% of the urban tissue of Warsaw was destroyed by Nazi troops, just after the World War II. In consequence, the Old and the New Town was almost completely ruined. However, the Bureau of World Heritage Committee underlined that the inscription of the historic center of Warsaw was recommended in particular in recognition of Polish nation's merits in the meticulous reconstruction inspired by its efforts and determination to rebuilt the historical and culture identity no matter the difficulties that the following political conditions brought into the action.

 

 

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Średniowieczne Miasto Toruń, Stare Miasto w Zamościu, Puszcza Białowieska, Kościoły Pokoju w Jaworze i Świdnicy, czy kopalnia soli w Wieliczce, zajmują honorowe miejsca obok takich osobliwości, jak paryskie wybrzeża Sekwany, Wielka Rafa Koralowa w Australii, Tadż Mahal w Indiach, czy egipskie piramidy.