Name of property: Old City of Zamość

Localization: Zamość City is located in the eastern part of Poland and on the east from Lublin, next to the Łabuńka River.

Category of property: cultural property

Nominated area: the historic Renaissance town of Zamość covers an area of 24 ha (600/400m). Although, the strict protection zone also extend into the late XIXth century ring of fortifications (61,17ha). Its conservation borderline is laid out from:

R. Luksemburg Street to Sadowa Street - located in the northern side of the complex

along Łabuńka River and the Rotunda site - included in the western and southern part

by Podwale Street next to Okopowa Street and ending on Luksemburg Street - which can be found on the east of Old Town

Legal situation:

  • legal provision (status): for the most part it is the municipal property;
  • responsible administration: the City Government of Zamość, represented by the City President.

Justification for inscription on the World Heritage List

date of inscription - 1992

criteria met - 4

Criterion 4

Old Town of Zamość is a rare example of almost completely unchanged Renaissance planned town, erected on so-called "campo aperto" and modeled on Italian architectural origins. It is at the same time the only town of its kind that was the personal creation of one man. It was founded in 1580 by the chancellor Jan Zamoyski, and arranged on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea. This "ideal" urban layout - a masterpiece of human creative genius, left its imprint on the development of architecture as well as on the town planning conceptions, not only in Poland but also in whole central Europe.

Zamość is also exceptional by the fact that no other XVIth century European town is so homogeneous in its spatial configuration. Furthermore, it bears testimony to the particular harmonious coexistence between the culture influences of the Western and the Eastern Europe. Thus, since the beginning, Zamość has been the multi-culture town due to the fact that the founder allowed the Italians, Germans, Armenians, Greeks and Jews - to settle here. That is why Zamość structural design is full of variety without losing its regularity. Finally, the original layout of the Old Town (including its outstanding street pattern and three market places) - full of logical harmony and organics links, as well as the architecture within the defense wall, are well preserved to its day, in spite of partial demolition and some alterations introduced over the centuries.

 

 

There are no translations available.

Naszym obowiązkiem jest udział w zbiorowej odpowiedzialności wszystkich narodów świata za ochronę dóbr uznanych za wspólne dziedzictwo całej ludzkości, bez względu na to, do terytorium jakiego kraju jest ono zlokalizowane.