Name of property: Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park

Localization: Kalwaria Zebrzydowska town is located in the western part of Małopolska voivodship (The Voivodship of Lesser Poland), on the border of Beskid Średni and Pogórze Wielickie.

Category of property: cultural property (cultural landscape)

Nominated area: the area included in the nominated zone contains 44 constructions, integrated with the historical designed landscape, which harmonize with natural surroundings.

Legal situation:

legal provision (status): ownership of the complex is partly shared by national and private administrations, belonging mostly to the Bernardine monastery in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska

responsible administration: Commissioner for Historical Monuments (Ministry of Culture and Art), as so as the Provincial and the Municipal Commissioner for Historical Monuments. On the local level, the nominated zone is managed by the Bernardine Monastery.

Justification for inscription on the World Heritage List

date of inscription - 1999

criteria met - 2,4

The Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex Park in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, so-called "the Jerusalem landscape" has been arranged to resemble the idealized plan of Jerusalem of the XIVth century, and it affirms, at the same time, its harmonious adaptation with indigenous panorama and natural features. Thus, it represents a kind of variable landscape form of outstanding universal value, which illustrate the Passion of Jesus Christ reflected in the natural environment, where the Lanckorońska Mountain symbolize the Mount of Olives, the Żar Mountain represents the Golgotha, and the Syjon and Maria Mountains were adapted to its natural environment in a form of two small hills implanted harmoniously to the net of routes designed to illustrate the Calvary scenery. The complex is also the first of its kind that was recognized by UNESCO in terms of "Cultural Landscapes"

Criterion 2

The Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex Park in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is an outstanding culture monument that illustrates an evolutionary symbiosis between human activity and the physical environment. The natural features became the basis for the creation of a particular artistic expression that symbolizes the Passion of Jesus Christ. This is a landscape of high visual quality. It preserves in an intact and visible form many traces of human artistic expression like park's architectural elements with a layout of avenues which combine in a harmonious manner with the nature and as that offer to this place a great spiritual significance.

Criterion 4

The conception of Calvary design-landscape, disseminated in Europe in the late 16th century, was flowering in particular during the whole period of Counter Reformation. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska constitutes exceptional representation of this type of large-scale landscape enterprise, which integrates natural beauty with spiritual premises and the standards of Baroque park design.

 

 

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Naszym obowiązkiem jest udział w zbiorowej odpowiedzialności wszystkich narodów świata za ochronę dóbr uznanych za wspólne dziedzictwo całej ludzkości, bez względu na to, do terytorium jakiego kraju jest ono zlokalizowane.