Justification for inscription on the World Heritage List

date of inscription - 2001

criteria met - 3,4,6

Criterion 3

The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica constitute an outstanding testimony to an act of religious tolerance allowed by Catholic Habsburg monarchy to the large Silesian population of Protestants, and developed in response to bring to an end a long-term religious conflict.

Criterion 4

As a result, however, of some restrictions imposed intentionally by the Emperor, the architects were forced to implement pioneering constructional and architectural solutions of a scale and complexity unknown or inexperienced ever before in wooden architecture. Despite of perishable materials, such as wood and clay, and others difficulties to erect the Churches of Peace their great stability and durability confirm, till now, an exceptional value of these timber-framed constructions.

Criterion 6

The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica bear an exceptional witness to the development of a particular kind of religious and social movement of the 2nd half of the XVII century, in Europe.

The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica are the biggest European religious timber-framed constructions. However, their architectonical value is less important that the factual significance they represent. Both timber-framed structures were erected after the Thirty Years' War, which devastated a big part of Europe. Signing the Treaty of Westphalia, in 1648, the then Emperor of Silesia allowed to the Silesian Lutherans for construction of three churches (in Głogów, Jawor and Świdnica), in Silesian principalities under direct Habsburg rule, as a symbol of the end of the War and the religious conflict, in the same time. Nevertheless, the churches had to be built exclusively of perishable materials, and located far away from city walls. That is how the two largest religious timber-framed buildings were created in "reformed" Europe, and henceforth known as "The places of worship with an important message

Name of property: Lutheran Church of Peace under the invocation of the Holy Trinity

Localization: county town Świdnica is situated in the Lower Silesia voivodship, in the area of Bystrzyca River.

Category of property: cultural property

Nominated area: the Church of Peace in Świdnica with its yard surrounded by walls and its auxiliary buildings.

Legal situation:

  • Legal provision (status): church property (Diocese of Wrocław);
  • Responsible administration:Commissioner for Historic Monuments in Warsaw and Voivodship Conservator's office in Wrocław;

The Lutheran Church of Peace" in Świdnica, is located around 30 km from Jawor, outside the historic center of the town, on the former graveyard. It was erected in 1652-1654, on a plan approaching the Greek cross, and forms a timber-framed structure, with rich baroque equipment. Its interior original polychrome decoration was inspired in general by a great number oh biblical scenes, and presents in particular the apocalyptic visions of St. John Evangelist, but also some views of neighborhood. The Church of Peace in Świdnica can accommodates some 7500 persons.

 

 

There are no translations available.

Polska, jako kraj cechujący się niewątpliwym bogactwem tradycji i naturalnego piękna, i aktywnie dbający o jego ochronę, jest nie tylko jednym z pierwszych Państw-sygnatariuszy Konwencji dziedzictwa światowego, ale również jednym z czołowych reprezentantów na Liście Światowego Dziedzictwa.