Name of property: Muskauer Park
Localization: Muskauer Park is situated on the both sides of Polish-German border represented by the Nysa Łużycka River. Its Polish part is located in the The Voivodship of Lubusz, Żary Region, in Łęknica town and onthe territory of Trzebiel commune.
Category of property: transboundary cultural property (cultural landscape)
Nominated area: the nominated core zone covers 348 ha. After the Second World War, the border between Poland and Germany divided the area of the mid XIXth century Muskauer Park in two parts:
- the western side, extends into the German town Bad Muskau and incorporates 136,10 ha (including the castle).
- the Polish (eastern) part of the park covers 211,90 ha, and it is mostly located in Łęknica town.
The Double Bridge connected the park either side of the river. The buffer protection zone encompasses 1.204,65 ha.
legal provision (status): national property;
responsible administration: National Center for Historical Monument Studies and Documentation with its Local Center in Łęknica.
Justification for inscription on the World Heritage List
date of inscription - 2004
criteria met - 1,4
Muskauer Park is one of the finest examples of the European green space design for public urban areas, in the 1st half of XIX century. UNESCO recognized its outstanding exceptional value in terms of the "cultural landscape" categories. In 2004, the park was inscribed on the World Heritage List, on the basis of cultural criteria 1 and 4:
Muskauer Park is an outstanding example of the European cultural landscape, which innovative artistic and architectural approaches inspired the landscape and garden composition ideals. Muskauer Park is an outstanding example of the European cultural landscape, which innovative artistic and architectural approaches inspired the landscape and garden composition ideals.
Muskauer Park constitute a pioneering example foreshadowing some new approaches to landscape design in cities and in their surrounding, and at the same time - a point of depart in evolution of landscape architecture, as a discipline.
Worth noticing is the fact that Muskauer Park, as a transboundary property, is till now the only "living" European demonstration of remarkable close cooperation conducted by Polish and German nations, working together for a protection and revalorization of this particular type of landscape.